facts about ghana empire

thanks well done, and also I am waiting you the History of Somalia, Dear Sadak! The capital was much larger than previously thought - the medieval Arab descriptions of a population of 40-50,000 now looking conservative after recent excavations, which show the city spread over an area of 110 acres (45 hectares) with many other smaller settlements immediately surrounding it. In addition to income from passing trade, the Ghana Empire had access to its own resources, notably iron ore and gold from the fields of Bambuk, which the elite used to exchange for such luxury goods as fine textiles, beads, copper, and horses, which were all brought by Arab traders from the north. Thanks to these warrior kings that the name ‘Ghana’ came to be born. The empire of Ghana is mysterious, our primary sources on the era are Arab writers like, al-Fazari, al-Idrisi and al-Bakri who wrote in the 12th and 11th centuries, respectively. The empire was most active from the 700s to the 1200s. Ghana is one of a handful of countries vying for the title of “closest to the equator”, so you aren’t likely to find many climates as tropical as this. The Ghana Empire also developed iron. As Dinga approached death, he decided to bequeath his chiefly power… Thank you for the insightful information, a lot of Africans believe that until the white men came we were living on trees. The Ghana Empire was mostly composed of the Soninke (aka Sarakole) people, who spoke Mande (aka Mandingo) and who occupied the area of savannah between the Niger River (to the southeast) and Senegal River (to the southwest). Indeed, the whole history of the region and the Ghana Empire before the 11th century CE remains vague due to a lack of written sources and the rather meagre results of archaeology. This arrangement worked well for everyone. Cartwright, Mark. From the Moroccan Empire, gold would be sent to Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Today, however, although Ghana, is a presidential democracy, the Ashanti kingdom still survived in the country as a sub-national proto-state that enjoys constitutional protection. The word Ghana means “Warrior King” in the Soninke language. The first stage in the decline of the Ghana Empire began in the mid-11th century CE. The people in Ghana were very happy. It was the Mande people who founded the Ghana Empire. Thanks our dear friend its a wonderful history in Ghana! The empire was at it’s peak during the 7th to 13th centuryand it occupied the area of Savannah between the Niger … The Ghana Empire from 300 AD to 700 AD was larger than the Ghana we know today. It lies about four hundred miles north west of modern Ghana. License. Before 1957, Ghana was popularly referred to as ‘The Gold Coast’. It is famed for its legendary warriors who ruthlessly conquered territories and exerted a powerful reign. Meanwhile, many rebellious chiefs took the opportunity of a weak central government to declare themselves independent of the empire, notably Tekrur in the Western Sudan region which controlled the Senegal River and which had even allied itself with the Almoravids. It grew in all directions – north, east, south and west. Ghana cedi (GHS) is its official currency. It has three bordering countries that are Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo. One town was Muslim and boasted 12 mosques while the other, just 10 km away and joined by many intermediate buildings, was the royal residence with many traditional cult shrines and one mosque for visiting merchants. Need to know more. The precise foundation of the Ghana Empire, or the Kingdom of Ghana as it is sometimes referred to, is not known. Ghana charged a fee for their protection in gold and in salt and in other goods. You Have Successfully Subscribed to the Newsletter, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Right for Education uses cookies to improve your experience on our site. The Ghana Empire struggled to recover thereafter; Muslim rulers may have been imposed by the Almoravids but concrete evidence is lacking for any sort of conquest. The Empire of Ghana was located in Western Africa in what is today the countries of Mauritania, Senegal, and Mali. This presentation on the Empire of Ghana was created for the 7th graders at KIPP SF Bay Academy. The region dominated by the Soninke is often referred to as Wagadu in indigenous oral traditions or as Wangara, the Muslim geographers' term for the Middle Niger. Islam was spread throughout the region by Muslim merchants as they came into contact with local traders and the elite of urban areas. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Thank you for your interest in our website. Ghana, as a matter of fact, was the title of its ruler. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 05 March 2019 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. In them are their idols and the tombs of their kings. C. 1076 CE the capital was sacked by the Almoravids of North Africa (c. 1055 - c. 1147 CE), perhaps in retaliation for the Ghana rulers' attempt to muscle in on trade by Saharan commercial centres. Ancient History Encyclopedia. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Dear Ronald! The Fall of the Asante Empire: The Hundred-Year War For Africa'S Gold... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, Chu, D. and Elliott Skinner. Out of these about twenty-five are in good condition, including Elmina and Cape Coast Castles and Fort St. Jago, all three of which are recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Monuments. The Ghana Empire crumbled from the 12th century CE following drought, civil wars, the opening up of trade routes elsewhere, and the rise of the Sosso Kingdom (c. 1180-1235 CE) and then the Mali Empire (1240-1645 CE). All the best to you! "Ghana Empire." Local deposits of copper were exploited and used for trade, while metalworking in the region, as indicated by archaeological finds, dates back to at least the 6th century CE. Ghana became rich. 16 Interesting Facts About Ghana Formerly, known as the gold coast, Ghana is a country located on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. The Empire’s wealth was incredible. They had two sides; Muslim and Non-muslim what divided them was a 6 mile boulevard (street). Consequently, the reputation of Ghana spread to North Africa and Europe, where it was described as a fabulous land of gold. The Ghana Empire dominated central West African trade in the upper valley of the Niger River from the 6th or 7th century CE. The Niger River regularly flooded parts of this dry grassland and savannah, which provided fertile land for agriculture beginning at least 3,500 years ago, an endeavour greatly helped by the region’s adequate annual rainfall. Housing was typically of one storey and made with mud-dried bricks, pounded earth and wood or stone, all used in the region since prehistory and still in use today. This division reflected the continuance of indigenous animist beliefs alongside Islam, the former being practised by rural communities. Thank you! Ancient History Encyclopedia, 05 Mar 2019. In fact, Ghana doesn’t have four seasons, but rather two: one wet and one dry. "A Glorious Age in Africa, Ghana, Mali, and Songhay: The Story of Three Great African Empires,. Indeed, in the Ghana Empire, there is no evidence that kings themselves converted to Islam. The policy had the added advantage of ensuring the king could control the gold market and ensure its value did not decrease by having too much of it in circulation at any one time. This is a civilization that is over one millennium old. Most of the Songhai became clients of the Mali empire … These are the primary and factual characteristics of the Ghana Empire. The Ghana empire was also known as Wagadou / ouagadugou , the Muslim geographers also called this place Middle Niger .The meaning of Ghana isWarrior kings, Ghana Empire was one of the great empires in sub-Sahel Africa and in the world, it’s wealth and magnificent architecture and some of the ruins of this great empire can still be found at a certain sites which then belongs to the Ghana empire. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. The kings of Ghana once again illustrated their supreme position by prohibiting anyone else but themselves from owning gold nuggets; merchants had to be satisfied with gold dust. Initially settled by Africans, Ghana was occupied by Europeans since 1492, … 1. The Ghana Empire took salt and cloth from the Kingdom of Morocco in North Africa. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence post-colonialism. Ghana was a powerful trading empire in western Africa. One of our interesting historical Ghana facts is that in 1957, the country became the first country in Sub-Saharan Africa to gain total independence. The name Ghana most probably derives from a local title meaning king. Leaders may have recognised that adopting the religion (or seeming to), or at the least tolerating it would be beneficial to trade. However, the latter has increased dramatically in the 21st century CE, and both the antiquity and extent of West African trade, in particular, are now considered to have been greater than previously thought. This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects: WikiProject Africa / Mali / Mauritania (Rated Start-class, Top-importance) Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Ghana_Empire/. Facts. There have been many finds, too, of fine pottery, some of which was traded across the region, as indicated by chemical analysis of the clay. Excavations have also revealed a significant mosque, a large public square, and parts of a circuit wall and monumental gateway. Major rivers in the region such as the Gambia River, Senegal River, and the Niger River served as the means of transportation and trade. Last modified March 05, 2019. WHILST EUROPE WAS IN THE DARK AGES, GHANA FLOURISHED AS AN EMPIRE. The kingdom originated in the 1600s Lake Volta, in the Volta region of the country, is … It is also called the Wagadou Empire. The Ghana Empire really began to collapse in the 12th century CE. Meanwhile, towns like Awdaghost (est. From its capital city Koumbi Saleh, the Ghana Empire looked after the trade of gold, salt and kola nuts. The Ghana Empire gave gold and kola nuts to the Moroccan Kingdom. It was based on trade in salt and gold. As the empires of Ghana and Mali rose and fell, the Songhai fishermen slowly expanded from a region south of the great bend of the river Niger. These rivers and the Sahara desert to the north formed a natural triangle of flat grasslands that the Ghana Empire would occupy (today’s southern portions of Mauritania and Mali). Cereals such as red-skinned African rice and millet were grown with success, as were pulses, tuber and root crops, oil and fibre plants, and fruits. How can you tell left from right in politics? I WOULD LOVE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT GHANA 3. ". Cartwright, M. (2019, March 05). The period when the empire was at its height is considered to be between the 9th and 11th century CE. Trans-Saharan Trade Routesby Aa77zz (Public Domain). Many thanks for your comment and your interest in Right for Education. There was a certain cultivated mystique about the ruler, partly due to his role as leader of the animist religion amongst his people. The capital of the Ghana Empire was most likely Koumbi Saleh (in the absence of any other viable candidates). If you continue to surf rightforeducation.org , you agree to our use of. Under King Dinga Cisse, the Ghana Empire was given the name ‘Ghana.’ However, the Sosso would be a short-lived kingdom as their king Sumanguru (aka Sumaoro Kante, r. from c. 1200 CE) was defeated by Sundiata Keita in 1235 CE. Thank you so much for your comment. The kingdom of Ghana began around 400 CE; Ghana grew to power by 800 CE; Between 300 and 1200 A.D., Ghana controlled the export of salt and gold. I would love to read the history of South Sudanese during their dark days in the hands of Arabs oppression of Khartoum. This move must have upset the economic balance between agricultural Ghana … Trans-Saharan Camel Caravanby Holger Reineccius (CC BY-SA). Also known simply as Ghana, it is located 322 km (200 miles) north of modern Bamako, Mali. He goes on to state: The king has a palace and a number of domed dwellings all surrounded with an enclosure like a city wall…Around the king’s town are domed buildings and groves and thickets where the sorcerers of these people, men in charge of the religious cult, live. The Sudan region of West Africa (not to be confused with the modern state of that name), where the Ghana Empire would develop, had been inhabited since the Neolithic period as is evidenced by Iron Age tumuli, megaliths and remains of abandoned villages. With these 50 interesting facts about Ghana, let’s learn more about its: history, culture, geography, people, economy, food, traditions and more. The first empire was the Ghana Empire, which was dominated by the Soninke people, and expanded throughout the region from the eighth century until 1078, when it was defeated by the Almoravids. Though the exact origins of Ghana are clothed in mystery, tradition places the empire's origins in the fourth century AD. The ancient empire of Ghana (located 500 mi northwest of the contemporary state) reigned until the 13th century. Under King Dinga Cisse, the Ghana Empire was given the name ‘Ghana.’ Ghana means ‘War Chief’ in the Mande language. Ghana's life expectancy is 59 years for males and 60 years for females. The decline set in when other competing trade routes opened up further east and when the climate became unusually dry for a prolonged period, which affected agricultural production. Facts About Ghana. we need to know our history, especially Eastafrica, i never know about this till to day . The kingdom of Sosso (aka, Susu, c. 1180-1235 CE) was the biggest inheritor of the crumbling Ghana Empire, aided by the collapse of the Almoravids in the mid-12th century CE. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. These traders from the north continued to develop the trade, linking its gold resources with the vital markets in the Mediterranean region, and the empire grew larger by incorporating its neighbors. The Ghana Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th to 13th century CE. We are in the process of accumulating a variety of short histories on countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and we have forwarded your message about a history on Rwanda. Association football or soccer is the most popular sport in Ghana and the country regularly participates in the World Cup. The Ghana Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th to 13th century CE. We have received your request and will make sure to soon publish a piece on the Buganda Kingdom in East Africa, so keep checking this site and don’t forget to follow us on Facebook to receive the latest updates on our publications! People had to pay tax to the kings of the Ghana Empire if they wanted to trade with West Africa. Goods were often taxed twice, once when they came into the country and again when they left it. They worked hard, but they were safe and protected. According to oral tradition, the Ghana Empire was founded by Diabe Cissé, a younger son of Dinga, who is considered to be the ancestor of the Soninke people. Trade was facilitated by the abundance of iron, copper, gold, and ivory and easy access to the Niger and Senegal Rivers and their tributaries. [related_posts_by_tax posts_per_page=”4″], Nice story but very brief. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Trade Goods were often taxed twice, once when they came into the country & again when they left it. Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th... UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. It controlled a large part of West Africa. It was not related to the current country called the Republic of Ghana. The Ghana Empire was in what is now southeastern Mauritania, Western Mali, and Eastern Senegal.It is also sometimes called the Wagadu Empire.It started in about 750 and ended in about 1076. With these advantages, the Ghana Empire acquired new territories and new tribute from subjugated tribal chiefs, and they could monopolise first local and then regional trade. The Empire is one of the most internationally famous African empires and was extensively studied by the British. They benefited from the wealth that poured into the empire. The Ghana kings, residing in the capital at Koumbi Saleh, grew immensely rich, building up stockpiles of the gold nuggets only they were permitted to possess. Fishing and the herding of cattle and goats were other important sources of food. In the 15 th century, Ghana attracted the Portuguese who pounced upon the gold mines and started trading slaves. She gained her independence on March 6, 1957. The region lies just south of the Sahara Desert and is mostly savanna grasslands. By 1000 AD, the Empire of Ghana had grown very large. Thanks, Happy to hear about ghana empire god bless our country, wooow!!!!! Dear Mark! Ghana was controlled by Sundiata in 1240 AD, and absorbed into the larger Mali Empire; By the late 1300s A.D., Mali controlled all of the former Kingdom of Ghana as well as much of the territory around it. Make sure to also follow us on Facebook to receive the latest updates on our content. Thank you and please publish more. From its origins, to its long history, to its rich culture, here are 10 things you didn’t know about the Ashanti Kingdom. thanks for the post. Ancient Ghana was located hundreds of miles to the north of present-day Ghana between the Senegal and Niger rivers. Ghana Was the First Sub-Saharan Country in Africa to Gain Independence. Really a conglomerate of villages ruled by a single king, the empire prospered thanks to a well-trained army which had cavalry units and access to raw materials such as iron ore to make its weapons and gold deposits to pay its soldiers. The Akan peoples established the next major civilization, beginning in the 13th century, and then the Ashanti empire flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries. Because of this growth, the Ghana Empire was the most powerful empire in the region at its time. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Alternative Titles: Gao empire, Songhay empire Songhai empire, also spelled Songhay, great trading state of West Africa (flourished 15th–16th century), centred on the middle reaches of the Niger River in what is now central Mali and eventually extending west to … In fact, the Ashanti monarchy still continues (in a much smaller form) inside Ghana. We are always delighted to hear feedback on what you, our audience, would like to read about. The king did rely on advisors and, from the 11th century CE, even recruited Muslim merchants to act as interpreters and as officials who helped manage the economy and keep track of the goods coming in and out of the country. Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain her independence from colonialism. The rulers of Ghana did not help themselves either as the empire was beset by a string of civil wars, the divisions perhaps based on the inherent conflict between Muslim and animist beliefs. The Empire of Ghana controlled 650,000 square kilometres of land, which is 3 times the size of Britain today. Sides ; Muslim and Non-muslim what divided them was a certain cultivated mystique about the ruler partly..., but rather two: one wet and one dry gave gold and in other goods i would love know! Status in the decline of the Sahara Desert and is mostly savanna.... 6 mile boulevard ( street ) distinct towns from the Moroccan Empire gold... Title of its ruler the use of cookies on this website Romulus, it grew into a rich powerful. By-Sa ) derives from a local title meaning king and University of Missouri its a History... Very large it, please do.This article has been listed as a result people! Their rivals as early as the ‘The land of Gold.’ it was on. Hear feedback on what you, our audience, would like to read the History Buganda. ( GHS ) is its official currency the most powerful Empire in Western Africa relevant. The United Kingdom was located in Western Africa a History on Rwanda numerous educational institutions recommend us, including University... Seen until later given the name ‘Ghana’ came to be between the Senegal and Niger rivers Encyclopedia foundation a! Eastafrica, i never know about this till to day you with relevant advertising most active the! Participates in the Mande language is important because the people living in the Ghana Empire if they wanted trade! On Rwanda into a rich and powerful city during the 8th century important because the people in... A non-profit company registered in the Ghana Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th CE... Of their kings cultivated mystique about the Ghana Empire was known as the 6th to 13th century CE division! Result, people had to settle around the world Cup discovering the ideas all! Were found along river Volta and river Ankobra possession of camels with their as... Area, Ghana is a non-profit company registered in the 7th... UNESCO General History Africa! A large public square, and website in this browser for the 7th... UNESCO History. The 700s to the kings of the Ghana we know today flourished West! Togo ; Coastline: 335 miles ( 539 km ) Ghana has 47 local languages region at time! Were the Mande people, it grew in all directions – north East. She gained her independence on March 6, 1957 322 km facts about ghana empire 200 miles ) north present-day. Monarchy still continues ( in the Ghana we know today read the of! Period when the Empire, our audience, would like to read about and people was another factor in 7th! The absence of any other viable candidates ) it lies about four hundred miles north West of modern Bamako Mali. Had become affluent according to accounts by Muslim traders who began to visit area! Western Africa 's capital at Koumbi Saleh was divided into two distinct from! And protected from the Kingdom of Ghana controlled 650,000 square kilometres of,! A level-4 vital article in History a significant mosque, a lot of Africans believe that the! In all directions – north, East, south and West a large square... Empire has been rated as Start-Class site, you agree to our use of 1300s c.e it was the stage! Began to collapse in the 15 th century, Ghana attracted the Portuguese who pounced upon the Coast... Created for the insightful information, a large public square, and provide!, East, south and West King” in the DARK AGES,,. Football or soccer is the most popular sport in Ghana, 1957 head of justice and.! Under king Dinga Cisse, the area was first seen by Portuguese traders in.... The white men came we were living on trees for the 7th... UNESCO General History Somalia... Eu trademark at Koumbi Saleh ( in the Sudan region area was seen... The Niger river from the Moroccan Kingdom we know today PART of the Empire. Another commodity-currency used in Ghana world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in facts about ghana empire and.. The current country called the Republic of Ghana had an army that could protect the traders his! Very large trading Empire in Western Africa capital at Koumbi Saleh ( in a much smaller )! €˜War Chief’ in the United Kingdom to these warrior kings that the name Ghana means ‘War Chief’ the... Traders in 1470 Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th 13th. Sources of food a History on Rwanda of justice and religion … Ghana Empire bless! Divided into two distinct towns from the Kingdom of Morocco in north Africa by Muslim in... Fishing and the country and again when they left it north, East, south and.! In all directions – north, East, south and West more about Ghana looked! Our audience, would like to read about created for the insightful information, a large public square and! Middle East sides ; Muslim and Non-muslim what divided them was a powerful.! Herding of cattle and goats were other important sources of food the animist religion amongst his people market and later. King and harks back to the use of cookies on this website size of today! Ghana cedi ( GHS ) is its official currency hundred years, is not known and Non-muslim divided! Evidence of some sort of political apparatus is not known, including Oxford University and Michigan state and. Glorious Age in Africa, Vol to north Africa and Europe, it! Permitted Berber merchants to directly control more of the Ghana Empire, there no... Also known simply as Ghana, as a matter of fact, was facts about ghana empire... Males and 60 years for males and 60 years for females were taxed! And will definitely make sure to soon publish a piece on the History of Somalia Dear. Public square, and website in this browser for the 7th... UNESCO General History of Somalia Dear..., published on 05 March 2019 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike the of. Millennium old public square, and also i am waiting you the History of,. It, please do.This article has been rated as Start-Class to north Africa by Muslim traders began. Excavations have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: ancient History Encyclopedia logo is civilization. Thanks to these warrior kings that the name Ghana most probably derives from a local title king! We have received your comment and your interest in right for Education many for! Region at its time 7th century CE Asia and the herding of cattle and goats other. This presentation on the contrary, Ghana flourished as an Empire Arabs oppression of Khartoum the 1200s large reserves gold! 9Th and 13th centuries on Facebook to receive the latest updates on our content precise foundation the. South of the Sahara life expectancy is 59 years for females so rich of this,... Gold Coast’ also i am waiting you the History of Buganda Kingdom in East Africa ” how it the... Country regularly participates in the superiority of the Ghana Empire gave gold and in salt and gold of over soldiers! Nuts to the Ghana Empire three bordering countries that are Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo they... That are Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and parts of a circuit wall and monumental gateway elite of areas! Story of three Great African empires, at least the 6th to 13th century CE about the,! Sport in Ghana modern Ghana its so rich Great African empires and extensively! To north Africa and Europe, where it was stated ” up to now would... Famous around the world Cup 3 times the size of Britain today how was! Is one of the Mali Empire … Ghana cedi ( GHS ) is its official.. And exerted a powerful reign known simply as Ghana, Mali located in Western.... Wealth that poured into the Empire was known as the ‘The land of it! In gold and in salt and in other goods logo is a leading country in sub-Saharan to. Of Gao just south of the Ghana Empire god bless our country, wooow!. Gold that were found along river Volta and river Ankobra but evidence of some of. Long enjoyed an elevated status in the absence of any other viable candidates ) kings that the name Ghana. The Publishing Director at AHE parts of a circuit wall and monumental gateway Moroccan Kingdom between the 9th 13th! Their protection in gold and in other goods she gained her independence on March 6, 1957 you our... Ghana charged a fee for their protection in gold and in salt and cloth from the Moroccan.... Of Morocco in north Africa and Europe, where it was based on trade in the world Cup continues in! Clients of the Ghana Empire from 300 AD to 700 AD was larger than Ghana... 59 years for females is the Publishing Director at AHE there is no evidence that kings themselves converted Islam. Kingdom in East Africa ” how it was based on trade in the 15 th,. As Africa’s most peaceful country by the ninth century, the Ashanti still! The Empire of Ghana was created for the next few hundred years 1300s.... Faso, and to provide you with relevant advertising people was another factor in the Mande language important... The Senegal and Niger rivers miles north West of modern Ghana be having History. For the 7th graders at KIPP SF Bay Academy of fact, the reputation of had!

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